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Relative clauses:

We use a relative clause to give more information about a noun (John, he, it, etc…) or a noun phrase (the dog, my friend, a person, etc…) in an EXTRA clause. This is to avoid repeating the noun or noun phrase.

Example:

  1. Tim has a dog. The dog / It is very fat.
    -> Tim has a dog that is very fat.
  2. Sarah went to Peru. Peru / It is very beautiful in winter.
    -> Sarah went to Peru, which is very beautiful in winter.
  3. I told a friend. My friend is an architect.
    -> I told my friend who is an architect.
  4. She’s one woman. They all admire her.
    -> She’s one woman whom all admire.

Relative pronouns:

Who

·         Used to talk about people

·         Used as the subject of a relative clause

·         Used as the objective of a relative clause in informal situations

Whom

·         Used to talk about people

·         Used as the object of a relative clause

·         Used in formal situations

Which

·         Used to talk about things or animals

·         Used in formal situations

·         Used for group nouns

That

·         Used to talk about things or animals

·         Sometimes used in informal situations for people instead of who/whom

·         Used for group nouns

Try the following quiz to see how much you remember

1. I have a close friend ______________ used to be an architect. Now he’s a building-consultant.

Correct
Incorrect

2. My group of friends, ______________ I’ve known for ages, pooled in to buy me a new car.

Correct
Incorrect

3. The castle ______________ overlooks this village is said to be haunted by a ghostly goat.

Correct
Incorrect

4. The CEO, ______________ started in this company as a floor receptionist, now earns over £1 million a year.

Correct
Incorrect

5. He was banned from the tennis court, ______________ meant that he had a lot more time on his hands.

Correct
Incorrect

6. One day I came home to find my house burgled, at ______________ point I decided to buy a dog.

Correct
Incorrect

7. I love leather items. Even my diary, ______________ I write in every day, is leather-bound.

Correct
Incorrect

8. The director ______________ you haven’t met yet is Mr. Daniels.

Correct
Incorrect
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English Grammar – Relative clauses and relative pronouns, 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 rating